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NATIONAL GALLERY - Budapest, Hungary.


For the concept of this museum, we asked ourselves whether we were capable of building something while maintaining the utmost respect for the natural surroundings, avoiding speaking about sustainability, alternative energy or ecology as a veneer for modernity and political correctness. Perhaps it was ultimately a question of making the most of the qualities of the given natural environment and having a minimum impact on them. We thought that a good way to start might be to adapt the volumetric line of the building to existing  forest, leaving the plantation to choose  the way it would be experienced. As the starting point for this process, we identified the clusters of trees that work together in the forest while we dared to call everything  that lies  outside them the  anti-forest or a construction-susceptible void. We generated  a flat geometry on top of this void  to avoid the trunks and take the heights from the existing ground level and the slopes  of the roof planes permitted by the by-laws. This operation appeared to be an immensely complex part of the process, and forced us to do numerous tests until  we arrived  at the solution that met all the parameters at every point of the final volumetrics. What  appeared was a non-Cartesian geometry with a faceted volume that adapted to the topographic conditions  and the planning requirements, inciting  us to resolve the brief for this project in an exciting space. The geometry is what will define and discover the ways of experiencing the spaces and  their relationships with  the outside  landscape, a surprising, fruitful relationship between a forest and  strict regulations.

The building is generated by two direct decisions that correspond to two specific problems. First search for museum landscape, the most spacious resistant structure that can sustain as little as possible in the field to save the plant areas and do the least possible damage to the ground. For this poses a major structural foundation upon which the building is support from various domes sizes and depths to be in the field saving large spans. Second, to build a metal volume, whose shape and geometry protect itself from direct weather problems or passively take when conditions are possible. The last decision properly refers to the resulting geometry of the building, obtained from analysis of the landscape of the land where the building will save dodging trees for protection


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